Turn a youngster into a pensioner in the second part of this top Photoshop tutorial.

Artificial aging: Youth to senior citizen

1. As hair loss is an extremely common occurrence in older men, we will begin our aging process by receding the hairline.

Before you start to manipulate the image, make a duplicate copy of it by pressing Ctrl/ Cmd+J, so that any adjustments you make to the image are confined to the copy, leaving the original untouched.

Now hit the M key to select the Elliptical Marquee tool and make a selection of the forehead without encroaching into the hairline. Right/control-click within the selection and choose Layer Via Copy from the pop-up menu to place the forehead selection onto a new layer.

2. Now press the V key to select the Move tool and reposition the forehead selection over the hair to give the impression of a balding head.

Press the E key to select the Eraser tool, right-click and choose a large, soft-edged brush from the brush picker. Carefully erase the bottom edge of the new forehead to blend the layer with the background image.

3. Return to the copied background image by clicking on it in the Layers palette, and then select the Clone Stamp tool (S) from the Toolbox.

Carefully clone the background over the remaining hair to create the appearance of a convincing bald head. As our copied forehead layer is above the layer we are currently cloning, we can easily copy the background without affecting the dome of the bald head.

When you are happy with the results of cloning the background, click on the copied forehead layer and press Ctrl/ Cmd+E to merge the layer with the background layer.

4. Although the bald head instantly adds ten years to our subject, he has still got firm, youthful skin, which stops him from looking too old.

To remedy this we will now use the Liquify tool to drag down the skin, which will add to the aging process. Press Ctrl/Cmd+Shift+X or go to Filter > Liquify to open the Liquify interface, use the Zoom tool (Z) to zoom into the face, and then select the Forward Warp tool (W) from the top left of the tool palette.

Use this to drag down the skin over the eyes to make the eyelids more hooded, and the skin below the eyes to create larger bags. Also drag down the skin around the mouth, and as men’s ears tend to get larger as they age, drag down the earlobe to enlarge it.

When you are happy with the distortion results, Click OK to apply the changes and return to the main Photoshop workspace.

5. We will now use the Brush tool to draw some wrinkles onto the face. Rather than painting directly onto our image, we will paint these onto a new layer that can be applied to the face later, when we are satisfied with the results.

Click on the Create New Layer icon at the bottom of the Layers palette to add a new transparent layer above our image, and then select the Brush tool (B) from the Toolbox.

Click on the foreground colour in the Toolbox to open the Color Picker and take a sample colour from the wrinkles under the eyes. Click OK to set it as the foreground colour.

6. Now, with a small, soft brush with the opacity set to around 25 per cent, liberally draw wrinkles around the eyes and mouth and across the forehead.

Putting the wrinkles on a separate layer means we can easily remove the lines we don’t want with the Eraser, without affecting the image underneath. Use a softedged Eraser (E) set to low opacity to selectively soften the lines and blend them with the background.

7. Once you are satisfied with the results of the wrinkle layer, return to the background layer and select the Burn tool (O) from the Toolbox.

Go to the Tool Options bar and choose a large, soft-edged brush. Set the range to midtones and the exposure to 6 per cent.

Now use the Burn tool to darken the areas around the eyes and mouth and trace the lines of the wrinkle layer to emphasize the wrinkles more.

8. Now that the face has been aged sufficiently, we need to grey the hair slightly to complete the aging effect.

Press the Q key or click on the Edit in Quick Mask Mode icon at the bottom of the Toolbox, select the Brush tool, and then press the D key to change the foreground and background colours to the default black-&-white.

Now paint with black to apply a quick mask over the hair and eyebrows.

9. Hit the Q key again to return to standard mode and turn the mask into a selection. Press Ctrl/Cmd+Shift+I or choose Inverse from the Select menu to invert the selection, and go to Image > Adjustments > Hue/ Saturation or press Ctrl/Cmd+U to open the Hue/Saturation dialog box.

Adjust the Lightness slider to +25 to grey the hair, and click OK to apply the change. Now select the Eraser tool (E), choose a soft-edged brush at low opacity, and run around the edges of the hair and eyebrows to blend with the background image.

Then lower the opacity of the layer to 80 per cent to create a more natural look.

10. To complete the look, select the Sponge tool (O), set the mode to desaturate and the flow to 50 per cent, and gently brush over the pupils to remove some of the youthful colour from the eyes.

Next, use the Brush tool (B) set to low opacity to draw individual hairs sprouting from inside the ears and nose. Finally, flatten the layers by going to Layer > Flatten Image to complete our father-from-son image.



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