See how the visual effects of the winning and nominated films up for this year's VFX Oscar were created, featuring the work of DNeg, ILM, Framestore and more.
The films that were up for 2019's Academy Award for Visual Effects may be lacking the clear standout winner of previous years – there was nothing truly groundbreaking like Blade Runner 2049, The Jungle Book or Ex Machina here – but there's a lot to admire, and learn from, here. The nominees ranged from the gargantuan scale of the latest Avengers epic to the ultra-realistic-feeling space – and personal – odyssey First Man, alongside the smaller-scale adorable toys of Christopher Robin.
ILM was the most nominated major studio, being the lead VFX house on two of the films (Ready Player One and Solo) and contributing to Avengers: Infinity War too.
But it was the Double Negative-led Neil Armstrong biopic First Man's visual effects that picked up the Oscar. Directed by Damien Chazelle and starring Ryan Gosling as Neil and Claire Foy as his wife Janet.
As fitting a film founded in realism - both scientific and the lived experiences of a man locked in by grief and those around him - the VFX work has the hard edges and flatness of archive NASA footage, in many ways replicating the look DNeg pioneered for hard-sci-fi Interstellar (which won the VFX Oscar in 2015).
Below you can see a short film about First Man's VFX, created by Double Negative.
Other VFX houses contributing to the film included Exceptional Minds, Factory VFX, Space Monkey.
Below we've collected all of the VFX breakdowns that the houses behind the rest of the nominees have produced, as we did for the VFX Oscar 2018.
Avengers: Infinity War
VFX by: Cantina Creative, Digital Domain, Double Negative, Framestore, ILM, Method Studios, RISE, Weta Digital. Additional VFX by: Animatrik, Base FX, Capital T, Exceptional Minds, Lola FX, PixStone Images, Virtuos. Visualisation by: The Third Floor.
Many major visual effects houses contributed to this film, so there are a lot of breakdowns available.
You can also watch this case study about Avengers: Infinity War from VFX educator Allan McKay.
VFX by: Framestore, Lola FX, Method Studios. Visualisation by: The Third Floor.
There are no breakdown reels online for Marc Forster's live action Pooh film, but you can see some VFX work here.
Ready Player One
VFX by: ILM, Digital Domain. Additional VFX by: Animatrik, Virtuos. Graphics by: Territory Studio. Visualisation by: Digital Domain, Framestore, The Third Floor.
Solo: A Star Wars Story
VFX by: ILM. Additional VFX by: Animatrik, Exceptional Minds, Hybride, Jellyfish Pictures, Lola FX, Tippett Studio, Virtuos. Visualisation by: The Third Floor.
For its work on the latest Star Wars offshoot, ILM has created detailed breakdowns for specific sequences such as the Kessel Run and the opening Corellia Chase, as well as for characters such as L3-37.
Welcome to Marwen
Robert Zemeckis's film about artist Mark Hogancamp didn't make the shortlist, but was on the VFX Oscar longlist and this behind-the-scenes reel by Method Studios is well worth a watch.