Recreate the Art Deco style of the early 20th Century with our step-by-step guide. Part three – Glasgow style.
1900s elements: Glasgow Style
Born in Glasgow, and trained at the Glasgow School of Art, Charles Rennie Mackintosh rejected overdecorated Victorian styles in favour of a spare simplicity that featured geometric shapes and unadorned surfaces.
Between 1899 and 1910 he designed several houses near Glasgow in this style, but his fame rests primarily on his progressive designs for the Glasgow School of Art, with its austere rectangular framework, long, simple curves, and unornamented façade.
Mackintosh was also an important interior designer, and from 1897 to 1917 he created the design scheme for the Cranston chain of tearooms in Glasgow.
His furniture, often decorated with delicately coloured stencils of stylized flower patterns and occasional insets of amethyst glass, combines attenuated straight lines with subtle curves.
Mackintosh’s graphic work was not as prolific. He used familiar Art Nouveau motifs, but emphasized geometric forms to create the distinctive Glasgow style. His work was particularly influential on the Wiener Werkstätte movement in Europe.