As a programmer who also does a little design, I was disappointed to find that I could not drag controls onto the graphical pane in the Visual Studio XAML designer; that pane is only a preview, so I could drag controls only into the XAML text. On the other hand, XAML editing in Visual Studio is supported nicely by IntelliSense, and the instant-preview pane does help quite a bit when you're trying to get the appearance of a page just right.

Expression Blend provides a graphical design surface for XAML pages, but it doesn't offer much in the way of programming support. It would certainly be the Silverlight tool of choice for most designers. In an ideal world, I might wish for a unified tool that serves the needs of programmers and designers alike, but Visual Studio and Expression Blend integrate well enough, and they are probably better suited for their target audiences than a unified tool would be.

Versus Flash and AJAX

The obvious comparisons for Silverlight are to other RIA technologies, the most prominent of which are AJAX, Adobe Flash, and Adobe Flex. One advantage of AJAX is that there is no permanent installation. Another is the wealth of AJAX toolkits, effects, and controls available. These are balanced by the tendency of AJAX applications to be dependent on browser implementations and the relatively primitive tools available for AJAX page design. There is also a performance issue: The typical browser's JavaScript interpreter is relatively slow.

Flash is aimed at designers rather than developers, while Flex is aimed at developers rather than designers. The two can be combined, however. Flash designers may find that Expression Blend meets their needs for Silverlight development, although many Flash designers tend to be fiercely loyal to their chosen technology. Flex programmers may find that writing Silverlight XAML with code-behinds in Visual Studio is very much in the same spirit as writing MXML with ActionScript in Flex Builder; again, they may not find much enthusiasm for making that transition unless they also work on .Net applications.

Never underestimate the conservatism of children or programmers.

In my own comparisons, Silverlight 2 outperformed any of the other RIA technologies mentioned here by a significant margin, exhibiting compute and display speeds similar to those of my previous favorite, Curl. I have also seen benchmarks that came out differently; it all depends on what you measure. It is possible to overload the Silverlight 2 rendering pipeline and slow it down on some hardware. XAML enables quite a few sophisticated graphics effects that require a good GPU to achieve decent rendering speed.

Much has been made of the large installed base of Flash plug-ins. In some ways, this isn't terribly important. Silverlight's download footprint is not so big as to present a barrier to first-time users, at least for broadband users. Nevertheless, I asked my friends at PC Pitstop to give me a comparison of Flash installations and Silverlight installations. In September, Flash was installed on more than 90 percent of the roughly 75,000 distinct computers that tested at the site, while Silverlight was installed on roughly 33 percent. It will be interesting to monitor the Silverlight 2 uptake over the next few months as more applications that use it are rolled out. See my Strategic Developer blog for updates.

When Silverlight was introduced, some pundits thought it might be Microsoft's "Flash killer." I don't really think that's the case, for two reasons. One is that many organizations have an existing investment in Flash video servers. The second reason is that Flash and Flex designers and developers tend to be very comfortable with their tools and loyal to Adobe. They don't really care whether Microsoft has something better for them, because they're too busy chopping down trees to trade their axes for chainsaws, especially when they're good with their axes and haven't learned to use chainsaws.

Nevertheless, Silverlight has substantial technical merit and relatively good performance. It's a very capable RIA technology that's especially useful in the hands of programmers with .Net experience and designers with XAML experience.